The Production Process of Silica Gel
Aug 15,2023 | Bond
Production Process of Silica Gel
Silica gel is a synthetic compound that is made from silicon dioxide. It is commonly used as a desiccant, which means it is used to absorb moisture. The production process of silica gel involves several steps, including the following:
Preparation of the Sol: The production process of silica gel starts with the preparation of the sol. The sol is a liquid mixture that is made up of a silicon compound, such as sodium silicate, and an acid, such as hydrochloric acid. The sol is prepared by mixing the silicon compound and the acid together in water.
Gelation: Once the sol is prepared, it is allowed to stand for a period of time. During this time, the sol will start to gel. The gelation process occurs because the silicon compound and the acid react with each other to form a gel.
Washing: After the gel has formed, it is washed with water to remove any impurities. This step is important because impurities can affect the properties of the silica gel.
Drying: Once the gel has been washed, it is dried. The drying process is typically done in an oven. The temperature and time required for drying will depend on the type of silica gel being produced.
Activation: The final step in the production process of silica gel is activation. This step involves heating the silica gel to a high temperature in order to remove any moisture that may be present. The temperature and time required for activation will depend on the type of silica gel being produced.
Overall, the production process of silica gel is a relatively simple process that involves several steps. The quality of the silica gel produced will depend on the quality of the starting materials and the conditions used during the production process.